Prerequisite for Mathematics

** **

**MAT 1L1 Mathematics (Essentials)**

**This course provides students who have experienced significant difficulties in previous Mathematics courses an opportunity to obtain sufficient background and skill development to prepare them for Grade 11 and 12 Workplace Preparation courses. Whenever possible, ideas will be presented in a real-life context, providing students with the opportunity to explore, organize, interpret, and use mathematical models to solve problems. Technology and manipulative materials will be used wherever appropriate. Assessment and evaluation will be done using a wide variety of strategies. **

**Prerequisite: None**

** **

**MPM 1DE Principles of Mathematics (Academic)**

**This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to algebra, analytic geometry, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will investigate relationships, which they will then generalize as equations of lines, and will determine the connections between different representations of a linear relation. They will also explore relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional figures and two-dimensional shapes. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. (A scientific calculator and graph paper are required for this course.)**

**Prerequisite: None**

** **

**MFM 1PE Foundations of Mathematics (Applied)**

**This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to introductory algebra, proportional reasoning, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will investigate real-life examples to develop various representations of linear relations, and will determine the connections between the representations. They will also explore certain relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional figures and two-dimensional shapes. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. (A scientific calculator and graph paper are required for this course.)**

**Prerequisite: None**

** **

**MAT 2L1 Mathematics (Essentials)**

**This course provides students who have experienced significant difficulties in previous Mathematics courses an opportunity to obtain sufficient background and skill development to prepare them for Grade 11 and 12 Workplace Preparation courses. Whenever possible, ideas will be presented in a real-life context, providing students with the opportunity to explore, organize, interpret, and use mathematical models to solve problems. Technology and manipulative materials will be used wherever appropriate. Assessment and evaluation will be done using a wide variety of strategies. **

**Prerequisite: Mathematics, Grade 9 Essentials**

** **

**MPM 2DE Principles of Mathematics (Academic) **

**This course enables students to broaden their understanding of relationships and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will explore quadratic relations and their applications; solve and apply linear systems; verify properties of geometric figures using analytic geometry; and investigate the trigonometry of right and acute triangles. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. (A scientific calculator and graph paper are required for this course.)**

**Prerequisite: Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic **__ __

** **

**MFM 2PE Foundations of Mathematics (Applied)**

**This course enables students to consolidate their understanding of linear relations and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will develop and graph equations in analytic geometry; solve and apply linear systems, using real-life examples; and explore and interpret graphs of quadratic relations. Students will investigate similar triangles, the trigonometry of right triangles, and the measurement of three-dimensional figures. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. (A scientific calculator and graph paper are required for this course.)**

**Prerequisite: Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic or Applied **

** **

**MBF 3CE Foundations for College Mathematics (College Preparation) **

**This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as a problem solving tool in the real world. Students will extend their understanding of quadratic relations; investigate situations involving exponential growth; solve problems involving compound interest; solve financial problems connected with vehicle ownership; develop their ability to reason by collecting, analysing, and evaluating data involving one variable; connect probability and statistics; and solve problems in geometry and trigonometry. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. A scientific calculator is required for this course. **

**Prerequisite: Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied **

** **

**MCR 3UE Functions (University Preparation)**

**This course introduces the mathematical concept of the function by extending students’ experiences with linear and quadratic relations. Students will investigate properties of discrete and continuous functions, including trigonometric and exponential functions; represent functions numerically, algebraically, and graphically; solve problems involving applications of functions; and develop facility in simplifying polynomial and rational expressions. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. A scientific calculator and graph paper are required for this course.**

**Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic **

**MEL 3EE Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life (Workplace Preparation)**

**This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as it is applied in the workplace and daily life. Students will solve problems associated with earning money, paying taxes, and making purchases; apply calculations of simple and compound interest in saving, investing, and borrowing; and calculate the costs of transportation and travel in a variety of situations. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. A scientific calculator is required for this course.**

**Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic or Foundations **

**of Mathematics, Grade 9, Applied, or a ministry-approved locally developed**

**Grade 10 mathematics course. **

** **

**MEL 4EE: Math for Everyday Life (Workplace)**

**This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as it is applied in the workplace and daily life. Students will investigate questions involving the use of statistics; apply the concept of probability to solve problems involving familiar situations; investigate accommodation costs, create household budgets, and prepare a personal income tax return; use proportional reasoning; estimate and measure; and apply geometric concepts to create designs. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.**

**Prerequisite: Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life, Grade 11,**

**Workplace Preparation **

** **

**MAP 4CE Foundations for College Mathematics (College Preparation) **

**This course enables students to broaden their understanding of real-world applications of mathematics. Students will analyse data using statistical methods; solve problems involving applications of geometry and trigonometry; solve financial problems connected with annuities, budgets, and renting or owning accommodation; simplify expressions; and solve equations. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. This course prepares students for college programs in areas such as business, health sciences, and human services, and for certain skilled trades. A scientific calculator and graph paper are required for this course.**

**Prerequisite: Foundations for College Mathematics, Grade 11, College**

**Preparation, or Functions and Applications, Grade 11, University/College **

**Preparation (or Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation)**

** **

**MHF 4UE Advanced Functions (University Preparation) **

**{offered in 2018-2019}**

**This course extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; develop techniques for combining functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended both for students taking the Calculus and Vectors course as a prerequisite for a university program and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs. A scientific calculator and graph paper are required for this course.**

**Prerequisite: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation, or Mathematics for College Technology, Grade 12, College Preparation **

** **

**MCV 4UE Calculus and Vectors (University Preparation) **

**{offered in 2018-2019}**

**This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors and representations of lines and planes in three dimensional spaces; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential, rational, and radical functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modelling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who choose to pursue careers in fields such as science, engineering, economics, and some areas of business, including those students who will be required to take a university-level calculus, linear algebra, or physics course. A scientific calculator and graph paper are required for this course.**

**Prerequisite: Advanced Functions, Grade 12, University Preparation**